May 31, 2012

The King is gone, long live the King

By Utpal Parashar, Hindustan Times

Monarchy in Nepal ended four years ago. But the last monarch Gyanendra Shah hasn’t faded quietly into the sunset. The 65-year-old still manages to pull crowds during public appearances and there are many who want him back — as king. Pro-monarchy sentiments are very much alive in Nepal  and the recent failure of the Constituent Assembly, elected after Shah’s ouster, to deliver a new constitution could give royalists a fresh lease of life.

The deposed king is aware of such emotions and keeps making comments expressing concern for the present state of affairs. Now he and his followers have found another medium of expression, courtesy a pro-monarchy website launched recently.

The portal,, has become a platform for hundreds of royalists to express their dissatisfaction with the present political set up. It has a message from Shah as well.

“We have created this website for the citizens to express their views on the current situation of Nepal and suggest what sort of future they want to give their children,” the message reads. “As a citizen of this nation, I am concerned about the serious problems that you, I and my beloved nation are facing.”

The site is linked with another site (Nepal’s Voice). Significantly, it was launched on May 27, the day the CA was dissolved and a day ahead of the fourth anniversary of Gyanendra’s deposition. 

The site seems to have been launched by Manisha Koirala, noted Bollywood actress from Nepal who belongs to the Koirala family of Nepali Congress, the country’s first pro-democracy party. 

“Yes your majesty, we totally agree with you. All Nepalis should come together and realise that if we let the situation be, we, our nation will suffer even further till there is no nation,” she comments.

In his remarks, former PM and member of pro-monarchy Rashtriya Prajatantra Party Lokendra Bahadur Chand thanks Koirala.

Nepal: Eatery in Dark, Israel takes the lead

By Telegraph Nepal

We have come to a conclusion that those who were born blinds can see and feel the pulse beat of the nation in a much more sensitive manner than those who have not to undergo through the traumatic experience of blindness.

Blind men can see. They too can feel the pulse beat of the nation and moreover, they too, though Mother Nature did not provide them with this sensual organ, can understand the deteriorating politics better comparatively. They, above all, are polite. Not arrogant like Nepali leaders. They don’t cheat or create any scandals. This is what we felt last week when we have had a chance to meet some Nepali blind youths who have been running a “Blind Restaurant” under their own collective initiatives. Association pays. 

The entire ambience was not only sympathetic but heart rendering as we the invited ones were housed in a complete dark room and look the Charisma of the Almighty! The Nepali youths, with no eye sight yet traveled to the dark kitchen, yet again dark and the men cooking the Italian dish too were born blinds, and yet smilingly brought the food items through the dark corridors and placed in the table as per the preferences of the invited guests. Not even a slight error could be noticed. Simply great and unbelievable but yet true. The service delivered by the Nepali compatriots  was with an unending smile that it was throughout the stay of the guests, which we could feel during our presence for at least an hour or so, that provided us all with a thought that these Nepali youths have reconciled their fate with what they have with them at the moment but expected sympathies from those with eye sight and appealed through us all to send messages to all those political thugs not to declare Nepal closure in series as such bundhs/strikes have had direct negative impact on their new profession which could certainly be taken as a complete new beginning to live their lives not by begging alms but through their own labor. Labor and that too of this sort must be respected and applauded thus the entire men engaged in this profession deserve deep appreciation in that they have taught lessons to us all, with eye sight intact, that even a blind man can live a dignified life if he or she had the strong will power. These boys who treated us well had this strong determination with them as was evident from the prompt and the well disciplined answers to the questions made to them by some of the guests, a political leader  included, who was found defending himself and his party’s role in the constitution building process. However, the political animal perhaps could now not be seen in the Kathmandu streets for fear of being taken to tasks by the irate public for having gulped over two million rupees as the now dead CA member. Yet he is taken as one of the modest personality inside the entire UML paraphernalia. But will he return the monthly salary? He will never. Modesty has no attachment while the talk is of money.

What was most touching of it all is that when one of the blind attendants said that since they can’t see while traveling in the footpath, they at times fall inside the sewer/potholes and also due to the Babu ram ravaged roads of Kathmandu.  Such incidents have become common for them which could be believed with guarantee as our roads in Kathmandu have been damaged and nobody knows as to how long it may take for the badly torn roads to become fit for those laymen who were not in state loot authority. More so our concern is for those blind youths!

Our wish to send the 601 white elephants to this Blind Restaurant remained only in our minds. It could not materialize for the reasons now known to us all. The idea was to make them aware of how the lives of the Nepali blind youths continues in progress with no qualms, working and accomplishing their duties ( in dark indeed) with dignity and moreover without plundering the State money.

However, we have not lost hopes simply because we have some still kicking and alive in the Nepali political spectrum who have still been looting the state money-the tax payer’s money. Presumably, those who cheated us in the recent past will come to us again with a changed face and political tone. The emperors are coming once again in new clothes.

Finally, our encouragement and best wishes to the Nepali blind youths who have exhibited to the world that a dignified life could be lived even if one has no eye sight. Thanks the Embassy of Israel which took the lead. Hope other friendly embassies too will come to the support of the Nepali blind youths who have a separate chamber at the Imago Dei Restaurant-just opposite to the Eastern gate of the former Royal palace with no bias.  Any act of encouragement to these bubbling Nepali blind boys would mean much to the ones who in effect deserve this. Before we conclude, we wish to make an appeal to Nepali leaders to learn some lessons from these blind youths on how to live an honored life without indulging in any acts of treachery.  Congratulation dear Nepali friends. Your works shall not go unnoticed by the disciplined Nepali society.  Well done the embassy of Israel. Thanks.

Will India-China feel Nepal’s spillover effect?

By Telegraph Nepal

Late evening Monday May 28 and early hours on Tuesday May 29, 2012, Prime Minister Baburam met with Indian Ambassador Jayant Prasad and Chinese ambassador Yang Houlan.

To recall, Ambassador Houlan had recently returned to Kathmandu after a long summer vacation.

Both the meetings took place without informing the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Poor MoFA!

“In the last three weeks, we have come to know about such meetings through the media,” an unnamed ministry official is quoted as saying by a national daily adding, “We are not aware of PM’s meetings with Indian and Chinese envoy”.

Nevertheless, what transpired during the two separate meetings has not yet been made public by the government but PM Baburam must have sought support from the two neighbors, claim analyst, for the longevity of his caretaker government.

If reports leaking out of PM’s Baluatar residence are to be believed then both the ambassadors are learnt to have expressed similar concerns.

“Nepal’s overly stretched political fluidity could finally have its spillover effect on the neighborhood”, reports quote sources as saying.

Analysts claim that with institution of monarchy replaced by power monger and corrupt India backed Nepali political leadership, the historical equilibrium between India and China has also been disrupted thus the two neighbors suspect each other of having used Nepali leaders against the other which has increased more fluidity in the Nepali political situation. 

The fluid political situation has in turn proved to be favorable for countries in the west to use Nepali land to foment instability in China and keep an eye on India, also claim analyst.

Houlan’s sudden dash to Kathmandu does tell that Beijing is pretty annoyed with the Indian highhandedness exhibited in Nepali politics of late.  But why then Ambassador Houlan was missing from Kathmandu for so long?

India’s ‘men’ overwhelm Nepali political spectrum. Beijing laxity too is at fault.

Tough time for both India and China indeed.

May 30, 2012

Nepal: So Near, Yet So Far – Analysis

By Ajit Kumar Singh

As Nepal appeared to be in clutching distance of a permanent solution to its long-drawn conflict, it has been plunged, abruptly, deep into political catastrophe.

With the major parties – Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist (UCPN-M), Communist Party of Nepal-Unified Marxist Leninist (CPN-UML), Nepali Congress (NC) and the United Democratic Madheshi Front (UDMF) – failing to reach consensus on just a few unresolved issues on the Draft Constitution, particularly on the restructuring of the state, the final stipulated deadline, May 27, 2012, came and went. The existing Constituent Assembly (CA) has now become defunct. Indeed, almost all the contentious issues, most prominently including the integration of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) cadres into the Nepal Army, had already been resolved.

The 601-member CA, elected in 2008, had been mandated to complete the task of Constitution writing within two years, and to oversee the peace process that began when the conflict ended in 2006. Since then, the major parties reached a number of opportunistic agreements, to keep a tenuous peace process alive, and amended the Interim Constitution, to extend their own mandate beyond the stipulated two year deadline, on four occasions. Following this pattern, on May 22, 2012, the UCPN-M led National Unity Government registered the 13th Constitution Amendment Bill in Parliament, to pave the way for a further three month extension of the CA’s term, in complete disregard of the Supreme Court’s (SC) November 25, 2011, verdict, which stipulated that the CA’s term was being extended for the last time, and the body would cease to exist if the Constitution was not promulgated within the extended term. In its verdict the SC had also asked the defendants to decide the duration of the extension, after determining whether the Constitution would be promulgated through a referendum, or to elect new CA, if the current CA failed in its task. Not surprisingly, on May 24, 2012, the SC, responding to the writs filed against the Government’s move to seek a further extension for the CA, issued a ruling directing the Government not to proceed with the Amendment to further extend the CA’s term.

In a last bid to salvage the CA, on May 25, 2012, the major parties reportedly agreed to promulgate the Constitution by May 27, 2012, while leaving residual disputed issues for the “transformed legislature parliament” to resolve. According to the agreement reached, the draft of the Constitution was to be issued by the CA within the May 27, 2012, deadline, and the parties would agree on the names and the number of Provinces before that.

Regrettably, however, no consensus could be arrived at on the demarcation of Provinces. With no other legal alternative at hand, on May 28, 2012, the Government called for elections to a new CA. Prime Minister (PM) Baburam Bhattarai declared, “We have no other option but to go back to the people and elect a new Assembly to write the Constitution. Though we were unable to promulgate the constitution, we have decided to seek a mandate through elections for a new Constituent Assembly on November 22.” The PM stated, further, that he would be leading a caretaker Government until the elections scheduled for November 22, 2012.

Meanwhile, the NC, the CPN-UML, and some fringe parties, rejected the Government’s decision to hold fresh elections, and called for public protests. The leaders of these parties met President Ram Baran Yadav and urged him not to approve the ‘unconstitutional decision’ of the Government. NC leader Ram Chandra Poudel claimed, “This is part of a Maoist plan to capture power.” Senior CPN-UML leader Bhim Rawal stated that the PM’s move was a breach of constitutional provisions, as there was no provision in the Interim Constitution to hold another CA polls. “We are not opposed to going to the polls, but we cannot endorse the Prime Minister’s unilateral move that violates the constitutional provision,” he argued. “The Prime Minister should have made an attempt to amend the provision of the Constitution before announcing the fresh election by forging consensus,” he pointed out.

The CPN-UML vice chairperson Bidhya Bhandari stated, on May 28, 2012, that her party was no more a part of the Government. Earlier, on May 25, 2012, the NC had withdrawn from the Government, opposing the Government’s May 22 decision to register the 13th Constitution Amendment Bill in Parliament, to pave the way for a further three months extension of the CA’s term.
The National Unity Government had been formed on May 5, 2012. While the NC joined the Government on May 6, the CPN-UML, after initial opposition, joined on May 16. Significantly, the National Unity Government was constituted after a Five Point agreement reached between the major parties on May 3, 2012, which stated:
  • All members of the incumbent Cabinet will resign and a new Unity Government will be formed within two days, as per the earlier seven point agreement.
  • All issues of Constitution drafting, including the state restructuring, form of governance, etc., will be resolved in three days.
  • A new Statute for the Constitution will be promulgated before May 27. The present incumbent Prime Minister will leave office before May 27, and a Unity Government would be formed under the Nepali Congress to conduct elections within one year.
  • All outstanding work on the peace process would be completed immediately, as per earlier agreements.
  • Top leaders of the political parties will hold regular meetings to expedite the Constitution drafting process.
As in the past, the sanctity of this agreement could not be maintained. Though the incumbent Cabinet resigned on May 4, 2012, and a new Government was formed within two days, the Prime Minister’s abrupt call for new elections and his assertion that he would lead the caretaker Government, violates the terms of this last agreement.

Significantly, the issue of federalism has divided the nation. The biggest concern is whether to go for single identity based federalism or multiple identity based federalism. While the UCPN-M and its ally UDMF are in favour of single-ethnicity based federalism, the NC and CPN-UML have rejected their option. CPN-UML Vice Chairman Bam Dev Gautam thus noted that “NC and UML proposed (the) multi-ethnic federal model.” Here, the NC diluted its earlier stand of opposing ethnicity based federalism in toto, arguing that state restructuring should be based on “economic and administrative viability” and on geography. The number, size, naming and mapping of the federal States has also evaded unanimity. While the UCPN and its ally UDMF insist that the 14-state model or 10-state model suggested by the Parliamentary Committee on State Restructuring and the State Restructuring Commission, respectively, should be adopted, the NC and CPN-UML proposed a 11 and 12 States model, respectively. Moreover, the Madheshi leaders reiterated their strong opposition to create multiple provinces in the Terai, and stuck to their long standing demand for a ‘single autonomous Madhesh province’.

This fractious outcome resulted despite the fact that the major parties had already agreed, on May 15, 2012, on an 11-province federal structure. The names of the provinces were to be determined by the elected State Assemblies themselves. The Federal States were to be carved out on the basis of ethnicity, geography and language. The parties had also agreed to constitute a Commission to determine the boundaries of the Provinces and to go for a ‘mixed system’ of governance, with a directly elected President, who would share powers with a Prime Minister elected from the Parliament.

The optimism which had reigned over the peace process since the CA was established, after declaring Nepal a Republic on May 28, 2008, now appears to have evaporated. The Government has put Security Forces on a high alert, as thousands of protestors have come onto the streets. Riot Police are patrolling the streets of capital Kathmandu. Though, there have been no significant reports of violence, till the time of writing, the failure of the Political classes to reach a consensual solution, have jeopardized the tentative peace in the nascent Republic of Nepal.

Ajit Kumar Singh is a Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management


Panetta: Asia is the 'project' for new Navy grads

The Pentagon chief said Tuesday building U.S. maritime strength across the Asia-Pacific region will be one of the main projects for the new generation of America's naval officers.

Speaking to graduates at the U.S. Naval Academy, Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said the U.S. is returning to its maritime roots.

"One of the key projects that your generation will have to face is sustaining and enhancing American strength across the great maritime region of the Pacific," he said.

He told graduates that their work will help strengthen defense ties with China, modernize ties with old allies like Japan and Korea and build new partnerships with countries like Malaysia, Vietnam and Singapore.

"America's future prosperity and security are tied to our ability to advance peace and security along the arc extending from the Western Pacific and East Asia into the Indian Ocean and South Asia," Panetta said. "That reality is inescapable for our country and for our military, which has already begun broadening and deepening our engagement throughout the Asia Pacific."

Panetta said the Navy and Marine Corps must lead a resurgence of American maritime presence and power in the Asia-Pacific region and around the world.

" We must be prepared to confront any challenge, but the key to that region is going to be to develop a new era of defense cooperation between our countries, one in which our military shares security burdens in order to advance peace in Asia Pacific and around the world," Panetta said.

Panetta also said the military will protect its investments in cybersecurity, unmanned systems and special operation forces.

"We will ensure our military can confront aggression and defeat any opponent anytime, anywhere," Panetta said.

The Pentagon chief said he departs on Wednesday for Southeast Asia, and he noted he will visit China later this year for the first time as secretary of defense.

"I will tell all of these nations that the United States will remain a Pacific power, and I will tell them why — because of you — because during your careers many of you will be headed to the Pacific," he said.

There were a total of 1,099 graduates, including 877 men and 222 women. A total of 810 were commissioned as naval officers, including 634 men and 176 women. There were 267 commissioned as officers in the Marine Corps, including 224 men and 43 women. Several graduated as officers in the Air Force and Coast Guard.

Panetta also noted the death last week of retired Lt. Cmdr. Wesley Brown, the first African-American to graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1949. He was 85.

The defense secretary cited the academy's diversity, and he noted that some students are gay. This was the first graduating class at the service academy in which gay students could be open about their sexuality after repeal of the military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy in September.

"You are men and women from every state in the union and 12 foreign nations — rich and poor, secular and religious, black, white, Latino, Native American, Asian, straight and gay. Diversity of this class is a tribute to the life and service of retired Lt. Cmdr. Wesley Brown," Panetta said, bringing cheers and applause from the audience.

Courtesy: The Fox News

Is the U.S.-India relationship losing steam?

By Brahma Chellaney

WASHINGTON — Was the U.S.-India strategic partnership oversold to the extent that it has failed to yield tangible benefits for the United States? Even as Secretary of State Hillary Clinton has just held detailed discussions in New Delhi, an increasing number of analysts in Washington have already concluded that the overhyped relationship is losing momentum.

The skeptics cite two high-visibility issues in particular: India’s rejection of separate bids by Lockheed Martin Corp. and Boeing Co. to sell 126 fighter-jets, and New Delhi’s reluctance to snap energy ties with Iran. The discussion over these issues, however, obscures key facts.

Take the aircraft deal.  Despite that setback, U.S. firms have clinched several other multibillion-dollar arms deals in recent years. These contracts have been secured on a government-to-government basis, without any competitive bidding.  But in the one case where India invited bids, American firms failed to make it beyond the competition’s first round because they did not match the price and other terms offered by the French manufacturer of the Rafale aircraft and the European consortium that makes the Eurofighter Typhoon.

The most-startling yet little-publicized fact is America’s quiet emergence as the largest arms seller to India. In the decade since President George W. Bush launched the vaunted U.S.-Indian strategic partnership, India has fundamentally reoriented its defense procurement, moving away from its traditional reliance on Russia. Indeed, nearly half of all Indian defense deals by value in recent years have been bagged by the U.S. alone, with Israel a distant second and Russia relegated to the third slot.

Given that India has become the world’s largest arms importer and the United States remains the biggest exporter, U.S. firms are set to secure more contracts in India, which plans to spend more than $100 billion over the next four years to upgrade its military capabilities, including by buying submarines, heavy lift and attack helicopters, howitzers, and tanks.

Now consider the Iran issue. Just as the Indian rejection of the Boeing’s F/A 18 and Lockheed-Martin’s F-16 bids has made big news but the U.S. landing of multiple arms contracts has received little notice, India’s reluctance to publicly support U.S. energy sanctions on Iran has been in the spotlight but not the quiet Indian strategy since the late 1990s to let the share of Iranian oil in India’s energy imports gradually decline — a trend that has seen the importance of Iranian oil supplies for India considerably weaken.

Few in India consider Iran a friend. But given India’s troubled neighborhood, with the country wedged in an arc of problematic states, New Delhi is reluctant to rupture its ties with Iran, its gateway to Afghanistan — the top recipient of Indian aid. India already has paid a heavy price for taking America’s side on some critical issues in its long-running battle against Iran, even though Washington doesn’t take India’s side in its disputes with China or Pakistan.

The Bush administration persuaded India not to conclude any new long-term energy contracts with Iran, and — in return for a civil nuclear deal with the U.S. — abandon its plan to build a gas pipeline from Iran. New Delhi, by voting against Iran at the International Atomic Energy Agency’s governing board in 2005 and 2006, invited Iranian reprisal in the form of cancellation of a 25-year, $22-billion liquefied natural gas deal which had terms highly favorable to India. That deal’s scrapping alone left India poorer by several billion dollars.

Now the U.S. energy embargo against Iran has pushed international oil prices higher, significantly increasing India’s oil bill. The embargo also threatens to undercut India’s import-diversification strategy by making it place most of its eggs in the basket of the Islamist-bankrolling, Saudi Arabia-led oil monarchies that continue to play a role in South Asia detrimental to Indian interests. In fact, thanks to the U.S. embargo against Iran, the swelling coffers of the iron-fisted oil sheikhdoms are set to overflow, increasing their leverage in the region and beyond.

Lost in the U.S. public discussion is an important fact — the declining share of Iranian crude in India’s total oil imports as part of a conscious Indian effort to reduce supply-disruption risks linked with the lurking potential for Iran-related conflict. Since 2008 alone, Iranian oil imports have swiftly fallen from 16.4 percent to 10.3 percent. Given India’s soaring oil imports and search for new sources of supply, the Iranian share is set to decline further, even without India’s participation in the U.S. embargo.

Make no mistake: India shares U.S. objectives on Iran but the exigencies of its regional situation compel it to toe a more cautious line.

The repositioning of the U.S.-India relationship was never intended to be transactional. Rather it was designed as an important geostrategic move to underpin Asian security and serve the long-term U.S. and Indian interests. But even if the relationship were viewed in transactional terms, the U.S. has reaped handsome dividends.

On Iran, the right course for U.S. policy would be to encourage India to continue reducing Iranian oil imports by granting it a waiver from American sanctions law — as Washington has to Japan and nine other countries — and by helping to finance the retrofitting of Indian refineries that presently have a technical capacity to process only Iranian oil.

More fundamentally, just as the Bush administration exaggerated the importance of a single deal with India, contending that the nuclear deal would be fundamentally transformative, it is an overstatement that the U.S.-India relationship today is losing momentum. The geostrategic direction of the relationship is irreversibly set — toward closer collaboration. Even trade between the countries has continued to grow impressively, from $9 billion in 1995 to $100 billion in 2011. While it is too much to expect a congruence of U.S. and Indian national-security objectives in all spheres, the two countries are likely to deepen their cooperation in areas where their interests converge, such as ensuring Asian power equilibrium.

Barack Obama had stroked India’s collective ego by inviting Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh for his presidency’s first state dinner, leading to the joke that while China gets a deferential America and Pakistan secures billions of dollars in U.S. aid periodically, India is easily won over with a sumptuous dinner and nice compliments.

The mutual optimism and excitement that characterized the blooming U.S.-Indian ties during the Bush years, admittedly, has given way to more realistic assessments as the relationship has matured. Geostrategic and economic forces, however, continue to drive the two countries closer. Indeed, Obama’s recent pivot to Asia has made closer U.S. strategic collaboration with India critical.

(c) The Japan Times, 2012.

May 27, 2012

Nepal is heading towards chaos

By Deepak Gajurel

As Nepal is a-few hour away from promulgating a ‘new constitution,’ indicators are that this land of Buddha and Pashupatinath is heading towards a renewed violence, probably to an extreme, beyond anybody’s imagination.

The political parties are a complete failure. They themselves have created this mess which seems to become boomerang. It is better that all ‘major parties’ should accept their failure and beg excuse to the nation and the people of Nepal, for their anti-nationalist deeds that they committed during the past six years.

From the international power equation stand point, Nepal has already become a heartland (playground) of proxy conflicts among and between world powers. Nepal is to face a gloomy days ahead.

An in-depth analysis of the current political and strategic situation, with possible future scenario is done in a radio talkshow. The 26-munute long interview was broadcast by Capital FM 92.4 in Kathmandu, on May 27, 2012 (Jestha 14, 2069).

Please click on the following link to listen or download the program in MP3 format (10.4 MB file size).

May 25, 2012

खरानीका निम्ति घर जलाउँदै प्रचण्ड

देवप्रकाश त्रिपाठी

मानिसको शरीरमा अविच्छिन्न अन्योन्याश्रित कुनै अङ्गले निहुँ खोज्न थाल्यो भने के होला ? सुरुमा त शरीरले दुःख पाउला तर कालान्तरमा निहुँ खोज्ने अङ्गले पनि त्यसको स्वाभाविक दण्ड पाउने निश्चित हुन्छ । शरीरमा नाक, कान, आँखा, हात, गोडा आदि जेजति अङ्ग छन् ती सबैको समुच्च रूप मानिस हो । एउटा पूर्ण मानव बन्न अनेकौँ अङ्गहरूको अविच्छिन्न समन्वय र साथको आवश्यकता पर्छ । त्यसैले अङ्गहरूको समष्टिले मात्र आफू मानिस भएको दाबी गर्न सक्छ ।

शरीरमा नाकले म नाक हुँ मान्छे होइन भन्न थाल्यो भने, त्यसैगरी आँखा, कान, हात, गोडा आदि सबै अङ्गप्रत्यङ्गले आफू मानिस भनेर चिनिन नचाहने र सबै आफू जे हो त्यही परिचयमा स्थापित हुन चाहने हो भने मानिसको अस्तित्व, पहिचान र भविष्य सङ्कटमा पर्छ कि पर्दैन भन्ने प्रश्न गरिरहनु नपर्ला । मानिस जीवित रहन सकेछ भने पनि उसले आफूलाई नाक, कान, घाँटी, हात, गोडा आदि रूपमा चिनिनुपर्नेछ, मानिस हुनुको आत्मगौरव गर्न उसले पाउने छैन । यदि यस्तो अवस्था आयो भने बिचरो त्योमान्छेको हालत कस्तो होला, ठीक यस्तै प्रश्न अब नेपालतिर फर्किएर गर्नुपर्ने भएको छ ।

नेपालका केही प्रमुख विशेषतामध्ये एउटा जातीय सद्भावलाई मानिन्थ्यो । जो जुन जाति, भाषा, धर्म र क्षेत्रका भए पनि जातजातिहरू एकआपसमा अन्तरघुलित भई हामी सबै नेपालीभन्ने भावनाधारणा प्रबल रूपमा स्थापित हुँदै जाँदा नेपालको जातीय सद्भाव विश्वमै अनुकरणीय एवम् उदाहरणीय बन्न पुगेको थियो ।

एक सयभन्दा बढी जातजाति रहेको नेपालमा जातजातिबीचको परस्पर सद्भावपूर्ण मिलाप कतिपय विदेशी मित्रहरूलाई ग्राह्य र पाच्य हुन सकिरहेको थिएन । नेपालको राष्ट्रिय एकीकरण र एकतामा सर्वत्र फैलिएर योगदान पुर्‍याइरहेका क्षत्री, ब्राह्मण, दलित, दशनामी, नेवार र मगरलगायतका समुदायमध्ये क्षत्रीब्राह्मणलाई कमजोर नतुल्याएसम्म नेपाली राष्ट्रियता र राष्ट्रिय एकताको ढाड भाँच्न सकिँदैन भन्ने बुझेपछि अदृश्य शक्तिहरूले मधेसी र जनजातिबीचको एकताको नारा अघि सारेको देखिन्छ । मधेसी र जनजातिको धर्म, संस्कार, परम्परा, चाडपर्व, संस्कृति, सोच, व्यवहार, रीतिरिवाज, भाषा, भेष, रङ्ग, नश्ल केही पनि मिल्दैन । यी दुई समुदायबीचको अन्तर पूर्व र पश्चिमजत्तिकै छ भन्न सकिन्छ । तथापि दुईबीचको एकताको एउटा सूत्र रह्यो, जसका आधारमा उनीहरू एकजुट हुनसक्थे त्यो होक्षत्री, ब्राह्मणविरुद्धको यात्रा ।

मधेसी र जनजातिबीचको एकता दिगो हुने प्रकृतिको त छँदै छैन । यसको आधार नकारात्मक र बदलाको भावनाबाट उत्प्रेरित छ । क्षत्रीब्राह्मणलाई समाप्त गर्न बनेको गठबन्धन त्यस दिनसम्म मात्र कायम हुनेछ जुन दिन क्षत्रीब्राह्मण सकिएको या कमजोर भएको महसुस उनीहरूलाई हुनेछ । त्यसपछिको युद्ध जनजाति र मधेसीबीचकै हो भन्नेमा शङ्का गरिरहनुपर्ने छैन । अदृश्य शक्तिको आडमा बनेको गठबन्धनको आयु यसर्थमा धेरै लामोचाहिँ देखिँदैन ।

एकल जातीय आधारमा राज्यको नामकरण मात्र गरिए पनि सम्बन्धित राज्यमा जातीय ध्रुवीकरण तीव्र हुनेछ, जुन जातको नाममा राज्य उत्पत्ति गराइन्छ त्यसको मपाईंत्व बढ्न सक्छ, तिनको मपाईंत्व बढ्दा बाँकी सबै जातीय समुदायको भावनामा धक्का पुग्यो भने त्यसलाई अस्वाभाविक मान्न सकिन्न ।

जनजातीय समुदाय शैक्षिक र आर्थिक दृष्टिले अलिक बढी पिछडिएका अवश्य हुन् । दक्षिण अफ्रिकामा जस्तो हामीकहाँ संविधान र कानुनले जातीय विभेद गरेको थिएन । नेपालमा राजनीतिक, संवैधानिक र कानुनीभन्दा पनि सामाजिक समस्याको रूपमा यो रहेको हो । २००७ सालमा प्रजातन्त्र स्थापना भएयताका आधा शताब्दीमा जातिभेदको सोच क्रमशः निरुत्साहित हुँदै गएको र समतामूलक समाज निर्णयको अवधारणा विस्तारित भइरहेको थियो । राणाशासनको पतनपश्चात् प्रजातान्त्रिक मात्र होइन पञ्चायती कालखण्डमा पनि जातिभेद निरुत्साहित भइरह्यो ।

राजनीतिमा माओवादीको जबर्जस्ती प्रभाव विस्तार हुनुअघिसम्म नेपालमा जाति या क्षेत्रवादी सोचलाई नाजायज, अनुपयुक्त र राष्ट्रविरोधी मानिन्थ्यो, मानिसहरू त्यस्तो सोचको निन्दा र भत्र्सना गर्दथे । जातीय भावना जगाएर होइन त्यसलाई क्रमशः घटाएर अर्थात् जातीय फ्युजनगराएर समतामूलक समाज स्थापना गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने विश्वास त्यसबेला थियो । तर, माओवादीले हिंसात्मक सङ्घर्षको सुरुवात गरेयता उनीहरूले जातीय आन्दोलनलाई प्रोत्साहित गरे ।

विश्वको एक मात्र सनातनी हिन्दू राष्ट्रका रूपमा रहेको नेपालमा इसाईकरकणका निम्ति सिकारअघिको मुद्रामा बसेको बाघझैं नेपालको हिन्दू पहिचान मेट्ने मौका पर्खेर बसिरहेका केही युरोपेली मुलुकले माओवादी आन्दोलनको बुई चढेर आफ्नो अभीष्ट पूरा गर्न चाहे । माओवादीले आफ्नो पिठ्युँ इसाईहरूको जिम्मा लगाए, उनीहरू माओवादीको त्यही पिठ्युँमा चढेर नेपाललाई क्षतविक्षत पार्न सक्रिय देखिएका छन् ।

इसाईकरणका निम्ति राजदरबार बाधक बनेको कुरा सत्य थियो । ०५९ सालमा तात्कालिक राजालाई एक पत्र पठाएर ब्रिटेनले इसाईहरूलाई दुःख नदिन र धर्मप्रचारमा अवरोध पैदा नगर्न चेतावनी दिँदा राजतन्त्र अन्त्यका निम्ति इसाईहरू सक्रिय रहने अनुमान जानकारहरूले त्यतिबेलै गरेका थिए । अरू कसकसलाई आफ्नो अभीष्ट पूर्तिमा राजसंस्था बाधक बनेका थिए ती सबै राजाका विरुद्ध क्रियाशील रहनु स्वाभाविक थियो ।

सत्ता राजनीतिमा हात बढाएर तात्कालिक राजा स्वयमले पनि आफ्नाविरुद्धको अभियानमा इन्धन आपूर्ति गराएका हुन् । त्यसबेला काङ्ग्रेसले प्रजातन्त्रको संस्थागत विकासमा राजा बाधक रहेको ठान्यो, माओवादी र अन्य वामपन्थी कम्युनिस्टहरूको उत्पादनमा राजामहाराजको जतिसुकै ठूलो योगदान रहेको भए पनि गणतन्त्रको सिद्धान्त पढेका उनीहरू गुन र नुनको सोझो गर्दै राजाको सुरक्षाकवच बन्न असम्भव थियो । त्यसैले काङ्ग्रेस, छिमेकी मित्रराष्ट्र भारत र बहुदलीय प्रजातन्त्रको विरुद्ध गीत गाउँदै आफूलाई दीक्षित तुल्याउने क्रान्तिकारीहरू चाहेर या नचाहेर पनि गणतन्त्रकै पक्षमा लामबद्ध हुनुपथ्र्यो, भइदिए ।

नेपालको राष्ट्रिय एकता, सामाजिक सद्भाव र एकतालाई आफ्नो स्वार्थमा बाधक ठान्ने विदेशी शक्तिहरूको पनि पहिलो निशाना राजदरबार नै बनेको हो । ०६३ सालमालोकतन्त्रस्थापनापश्चात् राजसंस्था विस्थापनको ढोका खोलियो र ०६५ मा गणतन्त्र घोषणा गरियो । राजतन्त्र अन्त्यको घोषणालगत्तै जातीय र क्षेत्रीय मुद्दाहरूलाई घनीभूत रूपमा उठाउन थालियो । मधेसी र जनजाति समुदायलाई एकै ठाउँमा उभ्याउन इसाईलगायत अन्य अन्तर्राष्ट्रिय शक्तिकेन्द्रहरूको ध्यान नेपालमा केन्द्रित हुन थाल्यो ।

मधेसी, जनजाति, दलित, महिलालगायतका समुदाय पिछडिएका हुनाले तिनलाई मूलधारमा ल्याइनुपर्छ भन्दा त्यसमा विमति जनाउनुपर्ने कारण र अवस्था थिएन । तर, त्यसरी विभिन्न समुदायलाई माथि उठाउने भनिए तापनि मधेसी र जनजातिबीचको एकता अभिवृद्धिमा बेग्लै र विशेष जोड दिन थालिएको थियो । क्षत्री, ब्राह्मण, ठकुरी, दशनामीलगायतका राष्ट्रवादी समुदायलाई कमजोर नपारीकन इसाईकरणले तीव्र गति लिन नसक्ने अवस्था रहेको ठान्नेहरू र आर्यमूलका पहाडी समुदायलाई ध्वस्त पारेपछि मात्र आफ्नोअनुकूलको परिस्थिति निर्माण गर्न सकिन्छ भन्ने विश्वासमा रहेको मधेसी समुदायबीचको समान धारणालाई स्वागत गर्ने काम काङ्ग्रेस र एमालेलगायतका राष्ट्रिय राजनीतिक दलका नेताहरूले आर्थिकभन्दा पनि क्रान्तिकारी बन्ने प्रलोभनमा परेर गरे ।

राष्ट्रियता र राष्ट्रिय एकताको मेरुदण्डको रूपमा रहेका खासखास जातीय समुदायलाई मूलप्रवाहबाट दरकिनार गर्न पछिल्ला वर्षहरूमा निकै ठूला प्रयास हुँदै आएका छन् । काङ्ग्रेस र एमालेमा रहेका कथित ब्राह्मणक्षत्री नेताहरूले अदृश्य शक्तिको आकाङ्क्षा क्रमशः परिपूर्ति गर्दै गए । यतिबेला राजनीतिक रूपले राष्ट्रिय राजनीतिक दलको हैसियतमा रहेका काङ्ग्रेस, एमाले र जातीय रूपमा क्षत्रीब्राह्मणलाई ध्वस्त बनाउने रणनीतिक योजनाअनुरूपका गतिविधिलाई तीव्रता दिइएको छ । एक समय राजसंस्थालाई जेजस्ता पक्षमा बाधक ठानिएको थियो, अहिले ठीक त्यसैगरी आफ्नो मार्गमा राजनीतिक रूपले काङ्ग्रेसएमाले र जातीय रूपमा क्षत्रीब्राह्मण बाधक बनेको अर्थ लगाइँदै छ ।

राजनीतिमा जातीयताको प्रवेशले काङ्ग्रेसएमालेजस्ता राष्ट्रिय राजनीतिक दलहरूलाई भविष्यमा विलोप या विघटनको दिशामा लैजाने अनुमान गर्न सकिन्छ, तर खासखास जातीय समुदायलाई दरकिनार गर्नचाहिँ मधेसी र जनजातीय समूहलाई एकताबद्ध गरी लामै लडाइँ लड्नुपर्ने ठानिएको हुनसक्छ, सोही अवधारणाअनुरूपका गतिविधिहरू अहिले भइरहेका छन् । यसर्थ क्षत्रीब्राह्मणलगायत राष्ट्रवादी समुदायका निम्ति आउँदा दिनहरू थप प्रतिकूल हुने देखिएको छ ।

यो मुलुक अस्तित्वमा आउनु नै गलत र अनुचित थियो भन्ने कसैको बुझाइ छ भने त्यस्ता सोच राख्नेहरूसँग बहस गरेर समय बर्बाद गर्नु व्यर्थ छ । विश्व मानचित्रमा नेपालको नक्सा सिर्जना भएकोमा गौरव गर्ने न्यूनतम मापदण्डका मानिससँग छलफल गर्ने हो भने सहमति र समझदारीका पर्याप्त आधारहरू भेट्न सकिन्छ । नेपालको निर्माणमा क्षत्रीहरूको अगुवाइ, मगर तथा गुरुङहरूको बलिदानीपूर्ण साथ र दलित तथा ब्राह्मणहरूको सहयोग उल्लेखनीय रूपमा रहेको छ । राई, लिम्बू र नेवार समुदायले पराजयलाई चुपचाप स्वीकार गर्दै त्यसको प्रतिरोध नगरेर नेपालको एकीकरण अभियानमा धेरै ठूलो गुन लगाएका हुन् । उनीहरूले प्रतिरोध गर्न चाहेका भए नेपालको एकीकरण अभियानमा गतिरोध पैदा हुने निश्चित थियो ।

आधुनिक नेपालको पूर्व मेचीदेखि पश्चिम महाकाली र हिमालदेखि तराईसम्म फैलिएर रहेका क्षत्री, ब्राह्मण, नेवार र दलित जातिहरू सामाजिक रूपमा राष्ट्रिय एकताको अदृश्य धागो बनेका छन् । राजनीतिक रूपमा ७५ वटै जिल्लामा आफ्नो सञ्जाल विस्तार गरेर काङ्ग्रेस र एमालेले पनि आफूहरूलाई राष्ट्रिय एकताको संयन्त्रकै रूपमा स्थापित गरेका छन् । तर, अब काङ्ग्रेसएमालेबाट मधेसी र जनजातीय समुदायलाई भड्काइँदै छ या उनीहरू अलग हुन निहुँ खोज्दै छन् । काङ्ग्रेस र एमालेमा समेटिएका मधेसी तथा जनजातिहरूको कुनै पनि समय र कुनै पनि बहानामा बहिर्गमन हुने सम्भावना बढ्दो छ । त्यसपछि यी दलहरूमा ब्राह्मणक्षत्री तथा अन्य सीमित जातिहरू मात्र बाँकी रहने छन्, जब कि ब्राह्मणक्षत्रीलगायतका जातीय समुदाय पनि काङ्ग्रेसएमालेका नेताहरूको भूमिका प्रति चरम असन्तुष्ट छन्, उनीहरूमाथि राष्ट्रघात र जातिघात गरेको आरोप लाग्न थालेको छ । जातीय पार्टी नै निर्माण गर्नुपर्ने अवस्था आयो भने काङ्गे्रसएमालेका अधिकांश नेता आफ्नै जातीय समूहबाट बहिष्कृत हुनेछन् ।

जातीय आधारमा प्रदेशहरूको निर्माण भएमा यो मुलुक अनन्तकालसम्म विवाद, तनाव र द्वन्द्वमा फस्ने निश्चित छ । यसप्रकारको द्वन्द्वको मुख्य नाइके भएका छन्प्रचण्ड । निजी महत्वाकाङ्क्षा परिपूर्ति गर्ने सिलसिलामा प्रचण्डले विगत १७ वर्षदेखि यस मुलुकलाई निकै सास्ती दिँदै आएका छन् । नेपालीको पहिचान मेटेर जातीय पहिचान स्थापित गराउने उनको प्रयास नेपालको विघटनसँग अन्तरसम्बन्धित छ । नेपालको मौलिक राष्ट्रिय पहिचानका यावत् तत्वलाई डिलिटगराउँदै प्रचण्डले नयाँ नेपाल निर्माणको झाँसा दिएर मुलुकलाई जातीय द्वन्द्वको स्थितिमा पुर्‍याएका छन् । प्रचण्डबाट रचनात्मकता र सिर्जनशीलताको अपेक्षा त उनलाई चिन्नेहरू कसैले पनि गरेका थिएनन्, तर उनी यो हदसम्मका विध्वंशक र विनासकारी होलान् भन्ने कुराको जानकारीचाहिँ नेपालीले भर्खर मात्र पाउँदैछन् । मान्छेका शरीरबाट नाक, कान, आँखा, हात, गोडा आदिलाई भड्काएर कुखुराको कालो भाले खोज्ने बोक्सी या झाँक्रीझैं प्रचण्डले जातिजातिलाई एकअर्काविरुद्ध भड्काएर कस्तो उपलब्धिहात लगाउन खोजेका हुन्, चिन्ताको विषय बनेको छ । खरानीको आवश्यकता पर्‍यो भन्दैमा घर जलाउने प्रचण्डमतिलाई लालसलामनै भन्नुपर्ने त होला नि ! (203) 

साभार: घटना र बिचार राष्ट्रिय साप्ताहिक

Nepal: How long we live with indignation, alien dependence and insult?

Madan Ragmi, Political Analyst (Courtesy:

TGQ1: How you have been evaluating the current state of Nepali politics? Please tell us as to how the party leaders should have treated the people after the advent of the Republican order in Nepal?
Madan Regmi:  Well, we have both positive and negatives sides to it. The political practices that have been taking place after the advent of the Republican order are not a correct one in itself. The structure is itself an incorrect one. There is not even a single constitutional expert housed in the entire Constituent Assembly. The whole practices of the current CA body are not in the prime national interests of the nation.  The dwindling conduct of politics of the past four years complicated the politics even more.  It created a situation of community-caste conflict, likely disintegration of the nation-state and more so of a dangerous financial slide.
The past four years should have in essence strengthened the people of the country, the nation’s stamina should have gone up but that was not forthcoming. To recall, the nation began taking a downward trend immediately after the signing of the Sugauli Treaty, 1816, on matters of Nepal’s sovereignty, territorial integrity and national independence , which, in other words to explain, did not stop instead it took a further slither over these recent years. These three pillars began visibly to take a downward trend. 

Frankly speaking, we have yet not freed ourselves from the clutches of the Indian expansionism and British imperialism. It remains intact.  Let me tell you that our motherland Nepal was the single country in the South Asian region which was the most competent and strongest among all the countries in existence then now at the moment remains in the grip of the expansionist India which is nothing more but a creation of the British Imperialism. India’s direct or indirect domineering interference still continues. We are living under such a tragic situation. Now you yourself think of the political situation as to how it could have been? 

I told you earlier that after the Treaty of Sugauli, the rulers of Nepal since then, save Jung Bahadur, could not remain loyal and honest towards the national interests and pride. For instance, if, for example, any particular leader is 10 to 20 percent honest for the cause of the nation then yet he is excessively serving the interests of the Expansionists and the Imperialists. In the long and chequered Nepali history, many nationalists did turn up to rule this country but have had to quit the power structure simply because they have had little of support from the population because of the dearth of the presence of the nationalists. 

Even as of today, I can’t take the Nepali leaders ruling the country as the real Nepalese. I am forced to take them all, save a few, as the brokers of the foreigners or say alien powers. That is why there is no room or space for the Nepalese to expect something substantial from them to the country and its population.

If anything is to be done and could be done then it is only ‘by the people’. It is also the prime job of the nationalists housed in various parties. Today’s main job for us all is to free this nation from foreign dependence and to restore the lost pride, glory, and the integrity of the nation in order to make Nepal a completely sovereign and independent nation-state. This demands that a sizeable chunk of the nationalists must sacrifice for the accomplishment of this national cause. We must in effect fight a people’s war with the Indian expansionism.  Or else, we will be destroyed. However, we have two options left with us either to remain as a second class citizen-slave in our own motherland under the umbrella of the imperialists and the expansionists or save the country by defeating the enemies-the expansionists and the imperialists. This is the time that we must come to a conclusion. Earlier the better.

TGQ2: You talked of expansionism and imperialism, however, there have been talks also now in prevalence for restoring our territories lost after the treaty of Sugauli and the idea of a Greater Nepal is also under discussion which is gaining momentum of late? What say you of these talks?
Madan Regmi: I would prefer to use the word ‘geographical’ in place of ‘greater’ because it would be a fitting expression. When you talk of greater Nepal, it at times may give a message that we want to encroach upon other’s land by extending our territories. All that we have been longing for is the restoration of the lost Nepali territories, for example, Darjeeling, Kumau, Garhwal, Dehradun and the territories around the bank of river Ganges which we lost after signing the treaty of Sugauli. This means that we want to have our land which is in the Indian occupation currently, for example, SIWAN district, the border in between the Ganges and Dehradun, and beginning Gorakhpur to the South of Chiswanghat. And also in addition, the border of then Awadh state which was up to Gomati River is our territory. We just want to have our territories back with us. This could be done as accomplished by China while restoring Hongkong and Macau only recently. We deserve this right even as of today to restore our lost land.

I now tell you a very interesting story based on historical facts.

During the rule of Mahendra Malla, he once traveled to the South of his territory; he constructed a huge Lord Shiva temple near the village of Mehedar which is just five kilometers ahead of Chiswanghat, close to the banks of the river Ganges. He named this Temple as Mahendra Nath and also constructed one huge pond. Each year, people throng to this temple even as of today. It has already become a pilgrim site. In this area, the Nepalese still remain in good strength which is inhabited by the Rais, Limbus, Brahmins, Chettris and also Newars. All these lands in effect belong to Nepal. Question thus again remains as to whether we want to regain our lost lands exhibiting our bravery or sit idle like a coward? Today we have just become like a corpse which is alive only to inhale air. How long should we live with such indignation, foreign dependence and insult? Mind it the Koreans and the Vietnamese chased the Americans from their soil. Cuba is yet another example which stands tall with profound pride and glory. Cuba challenged the United States. They all shed blood in order to preserve the independence and glory of their respective nations.

TGQ3: Comparatively speaking, India is a mighty power. With this in background, how could Nepal fight a war with India to regain our lost territories?
Madan Regmi:  To tell you honestly, the country called India is a bogus one.  It is just a structure which is the inheritor of the British Imperialism handed over to them by the British. At present, many smaller South Asian which are under the Indian grip were all in an annoyed mood.  Some even are protesting against the Indian hegemony. For example, much ahead of the British invasion of South Asia, there were independent States in existence, for example, the Marhattas, the Sikhs, the Tamils, Oddisa, Nagas, Muslims and Bodo.  You may have already noticed that it is the single country in the world with two names: India and Bharat. No where one could find this strange phenomenon. They don’t have any common language. The so called Hindi speaking population in India has a very negligible percentage. To recall, the Maha Rastra which is in itself a big country with great strength doesn’t even allow to hang the sign/display boards in Hindi language. If you happen to visit Bengal, Oddisa and Tamilnadu, you will discover that the local population there even do not take themselves as Indian nationals.  Nor do they speak the Hindi language. If you go to Andman, Nicobar Island and Goa, the local citizens openly claim that one fine morning they will free themselves from India and become an independent state.

The movement for Sikh Independence is still alive and kicking. Recall, how the Indira Gandhi regime pounced upon the holy shrine of the Sikhs, the Golden temple, and caused damage to the temple and hurt the sentiments of Sikh population which resulted in her own death ultimately. 

TGQ4: If it is so then how the Indian nation is still surviving?
Madan Regmi: Some 3 to 4 tactical methods have been brought into practice in order to keep the survival of this nation intact.  Those are “exploitation”, criminalization, suppression and corruption and creating divisions among various communities. At the moment, some eighty percent of the Indian population remain below the poverty line. Only 29% of the Indian population gets a chance to have the meal once a day. Each year several hundred of thousands Indian national become the victim of State led violence. The poorest of all perhaps live in this country wherein in the last three decades; the acts of Rape have gone up by 900 percent. Let me now quote one of the distinguished Indian national who was once the Justice serving the Supreme Court of India and who later became the Chairman of the Press Council of India. He was Markandey Katzu (Reuters November 10, 2011). Cutting a joke at the trend of the Indian national newspapers, Katzu had said that the papers in India focus more on the lifestyle of the Indian Cinema actors, write about fashion shows and disseminate news of Cricket plays instead of concentrating their efforts in speaking/writing in favor of the population whose 80% live in appalling poverty, rising unemployment, bearing the brunt of price hike and lack of medical facilities. This does speak as to how the Indian authorities and the papers were in India.
TGQ5: Under the prevailing circumstance, tell us how to restore our lands from Indian occupation?
Madan Regmi: For that we should remain in an alert state. We should then study the whole context. Unfortunately, the attention of the population has got diverted from this issue. We have been forced not to understand our problems and issues. The state authorities in association with the information tools have been making us to feel that we were the most inferior persons on earth.  Add to this their cheating exercises. We have some leaders who just would have to utter that Nepal has no existence at all. They at times say that why small nations like Nepal need a military structure at all which has been sandwiched in between two Asian giants? Can we afford war with these giants?  In my opinion, these were slaves and fools of the highest order. They have no knowledge of Nepal’s glorious historical past. I would remind you that we-read Nepal-fought wars with these two great powers. We also fought a war with China but we were not defeated by the Chinese. This war finally landed up in a truce and a treaty was signed and the Chinese returned back to their lands. Later we fought two years long war with the United Kingdom which had by then invaded almost half the globe wherein it was stated then that the Sun never sets in the British Empire. We had won at three fronts in this war with the UK. There was no possibility of the British winning over Nepal. The UK had lost its distinguished Generals like Gilespy who had to embrace death at the Nalapani battle. And interestingly, the British soldiers used to avoid meeting the brave Nepali Gorkha soldiers when in small numbers fearing death. Many of their soldiers fled from the battlegrounds. Even the English historians have put in record and have said that “these Nepali Gorkha soldiers are no less brave than our own soldiers. “We used to claim that we were the best soldiers in the world, however, the fact is that these Nepali Gorkha soldiers were the bravest of all in the world”, this is what they have put on record in history. But unfortunately, the soldiers who had already taken over the three fronts miscalculated the strength of the advancing battalion led by Colonel Ochtorlony which coincided with the conspiracies hatched by some eight Royal courtiers which facilitated Gajraj Mishra and Chandra Shekhar Upadhyaya-Dahal to seduce the then King and Queen under a conspiracy which was to force the Nepali Royalty to yield to the British. Even the bravest of all Bhimsen Thapa could not understand this plot.  This led even the world acclaimed Nepali fighter, Amar Singh Thapa-the Hannibal of Asia, to sign the insulting and humiliating Sugauli Treaty.  This is the first ever case in the history wherein an insulting treaty had to be signed by the soldiers which had captured all the three war fronts and unfortunately have had to be pushed back in a mere front. The English historians too have written about this unfortunate incident which went not in favor of Nepal. Nepal still had the valor and vigor to conquer several Nalapanis, Jaitak, Bharatpur and Devantal and hence there was no need to sign the Treaty of Sugauli. The English historians have written that the British war on Nepal had to be waged simply because she had to exhibit its power influence in the entire South Asia.

Had we the technical knowhow then we would have become one of the major powers in Asia. This is our live history. We are even today the same brave Nepalese who never feared death. The blood remains the same. The only difference has been that the foreign brokers have been making us dependent on others and injecting inferiority complex in our brains.

You just said how to fight to regain our lands. I ask you instead can you show me even a single example whether India has fought any war without sending the Gorkha soldiers in the frontline of the war front? This applies with the British as well. It is a matter of shame to fight for others. This could never be a matter of pride for the Nepalese. We fought several world wars and received victory medals. But those wars which were fought by the Nepalese for others possess no meaning at all. Mind it that the unification efforts made by Yalambar, Anshu Varma, Pratap Malla and Prithivi Narayan Shah have its own kind of values. We belonging to various caste, tribes and ethnicity with differing culture and traditions from across the nation collectively made this nation-state. We thus created a Himali/Nepali culture which was an advanced one.  We all remained glued together while forming and running the nation. In this background, we should once again remain in a collective state in order to save the nation. Let’s not talk of splitting the nation instead allowing it to remain in a solid and united form.  If we collectively work together and save the nation then we can regain our past glory brought into existence by our ancestors. Lord Buddha was son of this soil. Thus we are committed to peace and concurrently preparing ourselves for a war with the enemy though the effort remains in a dormant state.  Mind it that a war is fought not with the weapons but with the courage and valor.

Text courtesy: The Greater Nepal Weekly dated May 18, 2012. Thanks.